Sunrise at Clare College Bridge, Cambridge University

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Dec 132013
Cambridge University

Clare College Bridge – Cambridge University by James Appleton

Sunrise at Clare College, Cambridge University by James Appleton

Clare College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England.

The college was founded in 1326, making it the second-oldest surviving college of the University after Peterhouse. Clare is famous for its chapel choir and for its gardens on “the Backs” (the back of the colleges that overlook the River Cam). The current Master is Tony Badger, Paul Mellon Professor of American History.

Clare is consistently one of the most popular Cambridge colleges amongst prospective applicants.[1] As of 2012, it had an endowment of around £65m.[2]


The college was founded in 1326 by the university’s Chancellor, Richard Badew, and was originally named University Hall. Providing maintenance for only two fellows, it soon hit financial hardship. In 1338, the college was refounded as Clare Hall by an endowment from Elizabeth de Clare, a granddaughter of Edward I, which provided for twenty fellows and ten students.[3] The college was known as Clare Hall until 1856, when it changed its name to “Clare College”. (A new “Clare Hall” was founded by Clare College as an exclusively postgraduate institution in 1966.)

Clare’s Old Court, a Grade I listed building, frames King’s College Chapel as the left border of one of the most celebrated architectural vistas in England. It was built between 1638 and 1715, with a long interruption for the English Civil War. The period spans the arrival of true classicism into the mainstream of British architecture, such that its progress can be traced in the marked differences between the oldest wing to the north, which still has vaulting and other features in the unbroken tradition of English Gothic, and the final southern block, which shows a fully articulated classic style. The college’s chapel was built in 1763 and designed by Sir James Burrough, the Master of neighbouring Caius College.[citation needed] Its altarpiece is Annunciation by Cipriani.

Clare has a much-photographed bridge over the river which is the oldest of Cambridge’s current bridges. Fourteen stone balls decorate it, one of which has a missing section. A number of apocryphal stories circulate concerning this – the one most commonly cited by members of college is that the original builder of the bridge was not paid the full amount for his work and so removed the segment to balance the difference in payment. A more likely explanation is that a wedge of stone cemented into the ball as part of a repair job became loose and fell out into the river.

Clare’s bridge connects Old Court to Memorial Court, which was designed by Giles Gilbert Scott and dedicated in 1926. Memorial Court was extended in the 1950s by the construction of Thirkill Court, and was later divided into two parts when the College’s Forbes Mellon Library was constructed in the center of Memorial Court; the new courtyard created in the west was renamed Ashby Court thereafter.[4] A new court, Lerner Court, was opened in January 2008[5] and was designed by architects van Heyningen and Haward. It occupies the last piece of undeveloped land in the central area of the College next to Memorial Court and houses a lecture theatre, catering, fellows offices, residential accommodation and a student laundry.

Photo by James Appleton

Clare College Cambridge



Konitsa old bridge, Epirus Greece

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Dec 122013
Konitsa old bridge, Epirus Greece

Konitsa old bridge, Epirus Greece

Photo: The Light of the Dusk by Dora Art on 5oopx
from reshare

Konitsa’s bridge or Korakou.
The singularity of the bridge of Konitsa is due to its huge arch and to its place. This one-arched stone bridge, being one of the biggest in Greece, has a height of 20 m and a length of 40 m. It was erected in 1870-71 paid by the banker I. Loulis from Kastanochoria. Some other donators and habitants of Konitsa participated also to the expenses, raised to 120,000 Turkish piastres. Technician was Ziogas Frontzos from the nearby village of Pyrsogiani. This was a serious effort to bridge Aoos river at this site, because many others had failed. A wooden construction of 1823 was destroyed in 1833. Later a second wooden bridge had the same bad luck.
Under the bridge, at the top of the arch, there was a bell hanging. In case of strong wind, the bell was ringing, warning the passengers and their cattle of the increasing danger. The bell was lost and was replaced in 1975.

The old bridge of Konitsa was built in 1870 replacing the older wooden bridge over the river Aoos, one of the most unspoilt rivers of Greece passing trough the wilderness of Vikos Aoos National Park. Today the river is a well known place for river sports like rafting or kayaking.




London at twilight view by Piotr Nikiel

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Dec 122013
Piotr Nikiel.Londn at Twight View

Piotr Nikiel.Londn at Twilight View


The River Thames flows through southern England. It is the longest river entirely in England and the second longest in the United Kingdom, after the River Severn. While it is best known for flowing through London, the river also flows alongside other towns and cities, including Oxford, Reading, Henley-on-Thames, and Windsor.

The river gives its name to three informal areas: the Thames Valley, a region of England around the river between Oxford and west London; the Thames Gateway; and the greatly overlapping Thames Estuary around the tidal Thames to the east of London and including the waterway itself. n an alternative name, derived from its long tidal reach up to Teddington Lock in south west London, the lower reaches of the river are called the Tideway.

With a total length of 215 miles (346 km), the Thames is the longest river entirely in England and the second longest in the United Kingdom. It rises at Thames Head in Gloucestershire, and flows into the North Sea via the Thames Estuary. On its way, it passes through London, the country’s capital, where the river is deep and navigable to ships; the Thames drains the whole of Greater London.[1] Its tidal section, reaching up to Teddington Lock, includes most of its London stretch and has a rise and fall of 7 metres (23 ft).

London at twilight view by Piotr Nikiel
London at twilight view by Piotr Nikiel     via

River Thames




Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc the Triomphe in Paris

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Dec 122013
Arc the Triomphe in Paris

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc the Triomphe in Paris

At the base of the Arch de Triomphe stands a torch. Every evening at 6:30 P.M. it is rekindled, and veterans lay wreaths decorated with red, white and blue near its flickering flame.   It burns in the darkness to recall the sacrifice of an unknown French soldier who gave his life during World War I.

The idea for an unknown soldier to be honored in death in France was first initiated in 1916 while World War I was still being fought and the outcome in certain doubt.  On November 12, 1919, a year and a day after the end of World War I, the concept was given formal recognition and it was determined that the Unknown Soldier would be laid to rest at the Pantheon.  (The Pantheon is a famous Neoclassical building in Paris that contains the remains of some of France’s most famous citizens and leaders.)

The following year, after a large-scale letter writing campaign, it was finally determined that the Unknown Soldier would be buried at the base of the Arc de Triomphe.  The legislation authorizing the memorial, passed unanimously, stated: ARTICLE 1:  The honors of the Pantheon will be rendered to the remains of one of the unknown soldiers who fell on the field of honor during the 1914-1918 war. The transfer of the remains will be solemnly made on 11 November 1920.

ARTICLE 2:  The same day, the remains of the Unknown Soldier will be buried under the Arc de Triomphe.

On November 10, 1920 at the Citadel of Verdun, Auguste Thien reviewed eight identical coffins, each bearing the remains of an unknown French soldier who had been killed during the Great War.  Thien selected the sixth of the eight coffins, which was transported to Paris to rest in the chapel on the first floor of the Arc de Triomphe.  There the coffin remained until January 28, 1921 at which time the Unknown French soldier was laid in his permanent place of honor at the base of the Arc de Triomphe.

On October 22, 1922 the French Parliament declared the eleventh day of November in each year to be a national holiday.  The following year on November 11, 1923 Andre Maginot, French Minister for War, lit the eternal flame for the first time.  Since that date it has become the duty of the Committee of the Flame to rekindle that torch each evening at twilight

Arch of Triumph, Tomb of the unknown soldier, Paris
Photograph by Domingo Leiva via

Arc de Triomphe in Paris

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Overlook Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

 Architecture, Urban  Comments Off on Overlook Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Dec 122013
Petronas Towers

Overlook Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The Petronas Towers, also known as the Petronas Twin Towers (Malay: Menara Petronas, or Menara Berkembar Petronas) are twin skyscrapers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. According to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH)’s official definition and ranking, they were the tallest buildings in the world from 1998 to 2004 until surpassed by Taipei 101, but they remain the tallest twin buildings in the world.[2] The buildings are the landmark of Kuala Lumpur with nearby Kuala Lumpur Tower.

The towers were designed by Argentine architect César Pelli. They chose a distinctive postmodern style to create a 21st-century icon for Kuala Lumpur. Planning on the Petronas Towers started on 1 January 1992 and included rigorous tests and simulations of wind and structural loads on the design. Seven years of construction followed, beginning on 1 March 1993 with the excavation, which involved moving 500 truckloads of earth every night to dig down 30 metres (98 ft) below the surface

The construction of the superstructure commenced on 1 April 1994. Interiors with furniture were completed on 1 January 1996, the spires of Tower 1 and Tower 2 were completed on 1 March 1996..


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